Passive-aggressive actions include acting aggressively in an indirect manner rather than explicitly. Passive-aggressive persons frequently demonstrate resistance to requests or demands from family and others, frequently by postponing, showing sullenness, or acting stubbornly.
Passive-aggressive conduct can emerge in a variety of ways. For instance, a person may invent frequent reasons to avoid particular people to convey their disdain or hostility toward such others.
While the passive-aggressive individual is upset, they may frequently assert that they are not mad or OK – even when they appear to be furious and not acceptable. By denying their emotions and refusing to be emotionally vulnerable, they effectively shut down future dialogue and refuse to tackle the matter.
Another aspect of passive-aggressive conduct is deliberate procrastination. The passive-aggressive individual will dither when presented with duties or appointments they dislike.
Signs of Passive-Aggressiveness
When someone engages in passive aggression, they may say one thing, such as "Certainly, I'd be delighted to!" and then do something other, such as sulk and grumble while accomplishing the work.
Additionally, they may do something that appears to be compassionate but is contrary to another person's preferences. For instance, if you inform a coworker that you're attempting to lose weight, a passive-aggressive coworker may bring you a cake the next day.
Several warning signs indicating someone you know is engaging in passive-aggressive behavior include the following:
Resents or overtly resists others' directions, even if they follow through.
Delays doing a duty requested by another party or produce deliberate errors
Possess a caustic or combative demeanor
Frequently expresses feelings of unappreciation
Others are criticized
Causes of Passive-Aggressive Behavior
Anger and dissatisfaction are all acceptable emotions. Individuals who express their feelings through passive-aggressiveness rather than through speech frequently grew up in a home where this conduct was normal. It may not have been comfortable expressing their thoughts directly as a youngster.
However, adults can likewise adopt this habit. They may behave in this manner to obtain what they desire. They may do so to avoid conflict. Many people are passive-aggressive in specific contexts, such as at work, but not in others. Additionally, researchers have linked passive-aggressive conduct to the following:
Disorders of anxiety
Abuse of substances
Disabilities of personality
Management of Passive-Aggressive Behavior
Many persons are uninformed that they are engaging in passive-aggressive behavior. They may perceive the conduct as "natural." Or they may believe that is the best approach to avoid offending someone's feelings or avert a negative result, such as dropping their job.
Everybody occasionally engages in passive hostile behavior. However, if there is a trend, there is an issue. If a friend, family member, or colleague's passive-aggressiveness bothers you, consider being upfront about what you want or need without characterizing their conduct as "passive-aggressive."
Managing passive-aggressive conduct
What can we do if we are opposed by a friend, coworker, or even love partner who participates in passive-aggression daily? The first step is to identify the indicators of this type of conduct. Passive-aggression behaviors include sulking, backhanded compliments, procrastination, disengagement, and reluctance to communicate.
When the other person acts in this manner, try to contain your rage. Rather than that, state the other person's feelings non-judgmental yet factual.
Managing Passive-Aggressive Individuals
The tips below might assist you in restraining passive-aggressive team members' undesirable conduct.
Recognize the Behavior
The first step for resolving passive-aggressiveness is identifying it, as indicated above. That is frequently the most challenging component, as it might be subtle and difficult to detect.
Address passive-aggressive conduct immediately to prevent it from escalating. Please keep track of instances as they occur so that you may provide concrete examples of what your team member did so they understand precisely what you're talking about.
Establish a Secure Environment
Following that, reassure the individual that it is safe to express your concerns and issues openly rather than in secret. Make it evident to them that you, as a manager, do not "shoot messengers" and would prefer that people come to you with their concerns rather than allowing them to fester.
It would help if you behaved like this. For instance, encouraging, applauding, and assisting individuals who bring issues to your notice.
Take Caution When Using Language
Provide truthful comments and use caution with your wording. For example, rather than criticizing that someone is "always" late, you can bring out the precise times they came over the previous week or so and allow them to explain why. You may then remind them of the start of the workday and request that they arrive on time in the future.
While it is critical to be clear and to address the matter directly, avoid using the word "you." It will alleviate the other person's sense of being attacked and prevent them from getting defensive. Rather than that, use first-person pronouns such as "I," "we," and "our" to describe the impact of their actions on you and your team. For example, you may say, "I saw the report was two days late," rather than, "You missed the deadline."
You risk exacerbating the problem if you respond emotionally to a team member. They may feel frightened and become even more entrenched in their harmful practices.
Communicate with them in a calm, even tone and maintain your composure. They may be unaware that they are passive-aggressive, so you should employ an empathic approach to diffuse any fear or hostility.
Determine the Cause
If passive-aggressive individuals assert that they are "fine" despite their conduct, do not take their responses at face value. Inquire further by asking questions to ascertain the source of the problem. Allow them to explain themselves, but do not shift blame.
Passive-aggressive conduct can emerge in a variety of ways. For instance, a person may invent frequent reasons to avoid particular people. The passive-aggressive individual will dither when presented with duties or appointments. They may behave in this manner to obtain what they desire. What can you do if confronted by someone who participates in passive-aggressive conduct daily?
Passive-aggression behaviors include sulking, backhanded compliments, procrastination, disengagement, and reluctance to communicate. Communicate with them in a calm, even tone and maintain your composure. They may be unaware that they are being passive-aggressive. Allow them to explain themselves, but do not shift blame. Inquire further by asking questions to ascertain the source of the problem.